Immune checkpoint inhibitors are simply cancer wonder drugs about which we are learning more each day. Because they don’t work optimally in many patients and some even hyper-progress, the goal is to determine ways to expand their effectiveness to more patients. As such, the number of clinical studies with checkpoints and checkpoint combinations continues to grow.
To date, the search for biomarkers to best guide active immunologic therapy selection and monitoring of response has not been fruitful. Unlike molecular targeted therapies and monoclonal antibodies for which the presence of mutated or over-expressed proteins (e.g., Philadelphia Chromosome, B-raf, HER-2, and CD20) is a prerequisite to use, Continue reading →