The School Reform Landscape: Fraud, Myth, and Lies
By Christopher H. Tienken, Ed.D. ’03/M.P.A. ’04 assistant professor of education, and Donald C. Orlich, Ph.D. (Rowman & Littlefield Education, $60)
For 60 years, government proposals and policies have called for the reform of public education in the United States. Through the lens of Critical Social Theory, Tienken and Orlich discuss a number of national reform initiatives, including the 1958 National Defense Education Act, 1983’s A Nation at Risk report, the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and the current Common Core Standards initiative. Based on empirical evidence, the authors expose the downfalls of recent reform policies and propose a new set of ideas that are supportive of a unified democratic system of education.
Governing Health in Contemporary China
By Yanzhong Huang, Ph.D., associate professor of diplomacy and international relations, director of the Center for Global Health Studies (Routledge, $155)
Yanzhong Huang examines the political dynamics of health governance in post-Mao China, including the roots of the country’s public healthcare challenges and the evolution of Chinese leaders’ policy response. Post-Mao reform led to robust economic growth but didn’t bring about the progress that was expected in the country’s healthcare sector. Huang argues that reform-induced institutional dynamics have contributed to rising health challenges and influenced the outcomes of the country’s health system transition. As China continues to rise as a world economic power, the study of its health governance furthers understanding of the country’s evolving political system as well as its impacts on global governance for health.
Principles of Human Joint Replacement: Design and Clinical Application
By Frederick F. Buechel ’67, M.D. and Michael J. Pappas, Ph.D. (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, $179)
Frederick Buechel and Michael Pappas, creators of several successful joint replacement systems, have drawn on 35 years of research and development to create a guide for joint replacement users and designers. Users include both the orthopedic surgeons who implant such devices and the patients who receive them. By sharing their knowledge, the authors hope to help readers understand and evaluate joint replacement options objectively. Since most information available to patients about joint replacements is often provided by surgeons or manufacturers, it can be difficult to find an unbiased product evaluation. By educating themselves, patients can make more informed decisions about their health. The book also acts as a resource for joint replacement designers, recounting past successes and failures to inspire the continued improvement of such devices in the future.
The Assault on Priesthood: A Biblical and Theological Rejoinder
By Father Lawrence B. Porter, Ph.D., professor and chair, Department of Systematic Theology (Wipf & Stock, $46)
The institution of priesthood in the Catholic Church has been challenged since the time of the Protestant Reformation and continues to be debated today. Even the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965) reconsidered the function of priests in relation to bishops and laity. Just as the Vatican undertook a resourcement by looking back to the fundamental sources of the Christian faith to find guidance, Father Porter draws upon scripture and theological history in his book to come to a modern understanding of priesthood that is also rooted in tradition. With guidance from biblical examples, Porter tackles many themes influential in the continuing evolution of priesthood, including sacrifice, social justice, pop culture and violence against men of the cloth.
A Nation of Small Shareholders: Marketing Wall Street After World War II
By Janice M. Traflet ’92/M.B.A. ’93 (The Johns Hopkins University Press, $45)
Following the devastating stock market crash of 1929, many Americans swore they would never again become involved with equity investing. Yet later in the century, Americans were investing in the stock market at an even greater level than they were in the Roaring ‘20s. In this book, Janice Traflet examines how the New York Stock Exchange used the controversial marketing campaign known as “Own Your Share of American Business” to cultivate new individual shareholders between the 1950s and 1970s. The program’s creators believed that widespread shareownership would not only strengthen democratic capitalism, but also guard against the spread of Communism. The author’s study sheds light on the recent history of U.S. financial markets and the role of individual investors from a broad perspective.
The Great Dissent: How Oliver Wendell Holmes Changed His Mind – and Changed the History of Free Speech in America
By Thomas Healy, J.D., professor of law (Metropolitan Books, $28)
The First Amendment proclaims one of the most quintessentially American rights: “Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press.” However, freedom of expression wasn’t always championed. In the early 20th century, Americans were imprisoned for speaking out against government policies, such as the draft during World War I. Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes staunchly opposed individual rights for most of his career, until 1919 when he wrote a court opinion that ultimately affirmed the right to free speech we enjoy today. What made Holmes change his mind? Using newly discovered letters and memos that have never before been published, Healy reconstructs Holmes’ journey from free-speech skeptic to First Amendment hero.
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