Tag Archives: Sports Gambling

Sizeable Support for Speeding Up Baseball and Increased Scoring; A Majority Likes the Proposed 3-Batter Rule for Relievers

South Orange NJ, April 16, 2019 — A third of the American public (33 percent) say they would follow Major League Baseball more if the games moved faster, (58 percent said they would not), and more than a quarter (28 percent) say they would follow more if there was more scoring, (64 percent said they would not). Nine and eight percent respectively, said they did not know.

The Seton Hall Sports Poll was conducted last week among 676 adult Americans across the country, either on landline or cellphone. The poll has a margin of error of +/- 3.9 percent. Certain questions, including those regarding rules changes, were asked only of those who said that they followed baseball, of whom 456 participated with a margin of error of +/- 4.7 percent.

The poll found that a sizeable number of those who follow baseball approve of proposed rule changes currently being considered or tried in the minor or independent leagues, with the idea of relief pitchers having to face at least three batters (unless ending an inning), receiving majority support. Fifty-three percent approved of the relief pitcher rule change, with 38 percent disapproving. Ten percent did not know or had no opinion.

On Moving the Mound Back; On Having a Man on Second to Start Extra Innings

Asked about moving the mound back to 62 feet from its long-time standard of 60’6”, 59 percent disapproved, and 29 percent approved. (This proposal, however, is already reported as being scrapped by MLB). Twenty-two percent had no opinion or did not know. A proposal to start extra innings by placing a runner on second base, met with only 17 percent approval, and with 77 percent disapproval.

“While there is sizeable support for changes (especially for the three-batter minimum for relief pitchers), the trick is to find what rules can be integrated without changing the history and statistics of the game,” noted Rick Gentile, director of the Seton Hall Sports Poll, which is sponsored by the Sharkey Institute within the Stillman School of Business.

On Keeping the Designated Hitter

On the designated hitter rule, which has been in place now for 46 seasons, 61 percent said it should be left as is, with 22 percent saying it should be extended to the National League, making 83 percent in favor of having a DH in the game, or at least in one league. Only nine percent said it should be eliminated from the American League.

Support for Rose in Hall Does Not Grow Despite Legalized Sports Gambling

Asked if they would follow baseball more closely if they could legally bet on the games, 72 percent said no, and 19 percent said yes. Nine percent did not know.

But the emergence of legal gambling in certain states, which has been embraced by Major League Baseball, did not move the needle much on the question of Pete Rose getting into the Hall of Fame. Fifty-two percent said his ban should be lifted, a little less than the 56 percent who supported his election in a Seton Hall Sports Poll conducted in January 2016.

Less Home Runs Equals Less Interest?

With home runs being hit in record numbers in recent years, people were asked if their interest in baseball would change if home runs declined. Six percent said it would increase, 13 percent said it would decrease and 75 percent said it would remain the same. Six percent did not know.

On the question of allowing players accused of using performance enhancing drugs going into the Hall of Fame, 70 percent said no and 19 percent said yes, 11 percent did not know or had no opinion.

Television Remains Dominant Way of Following Baseball

The final questions of the poll were asked about viewing habits. Seventy-nine percent said when they watch, they watch on TV, four percent said they watch online, and 15 percent said both. Fifty-one percent said they primarily follow baseball by watching the games, 30 percent said watching video highlights, seven percent said the radio and five percent said newspapers.

Results breakdown below.

ABOUT SETON HALL UNIVERSITY

One of the country’s leading Catholic universities, Seton Hall has been showing the world what great minds can do since 1856. Home to nearly 10,000 undergraduate and graduate students and offering more than 90 rigorous academic programs, Seton Hall’s academic excellence has been singled out for distinction by The Princeton Review, U.S. News & World Report and Bloomberg Businessweek.

Seton Hall embraces students of all religions and prepares them to be exemplary servant leaders and global citizens. In recent years, the University has achieved extraordinary success. Since 2009, it has seen record-breaking undergraduate enrollment growth and an impressive 110-point increase in the average SAT scores of incoming freshmen. In the past decade, Seton Hall students and alumni have received more than 30 Fulbright Scholarships as well as other prestigious academic honors, including Boren Awards, Pickering Fellowships, Udall Scholarships and a Rhodes Scholarship. The University is also proud to be the third most diverse national Catholic university in the nation.

During the past five years, the University has invested more than $165 million in new campus buildings and renovations. And in 2015, Seton Hall launched a School of Medicine as well as a College of Communication and the Arts. The University’s beautiful main campus in suburban South Orange, N.J. is only 14 miles from New York City — offering students a wealth of employment, internship, cultural and entertainment opportunities. Seton Hall’s nationally recognized School of Law is located prominently in downtown Newark. The University’s Interprofessional Health Sciences (IHS) campus in Clifton and Nutley, N.J. opened in the summer of 2018. The IHS campus houses the University’s College of Nursing, School of Health and Medical Sciences and the Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine at Seton Hall University.

For more information, visit www.shu.edu.

About the poll:

This poll was conducted by telephone April 16-19 among adults in the United States. The Seton Hall Sports Poll is conducted by the Sharkey Institute within the Stillman School of Business. Phone numbers were dialed from samples of both standard landline and cell phones.  The error for subgroups may be higher. This poll release conforms to the Standards of Disclosure of the National Council on Public Polls. The Seton Hall Sports Poll has been conducted regularly since 2006.Recently chosen for inclusion in iPoll by Cornell’s Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, its findings have been published everywhere from USA Today, ESPN, The New York Times, Washington Post, AP, and Reuters to Fox News and most points in between.

Media: Media: Marty Appel, AppelPR@gmail.com;
Michael Ricciardelli, Associate Director of Media Relations, Seton Hall
michael.ricciardelli@shu.edu, 908-447-3034

The results:

Do you think you would watch or follow more Major League Baseball:

  1. If the games moved much faster?

 

1 – Yes                                                                33%

2 – No                                                                 58

3 – Don’t know/No opinion                                  8

 

  1. If there was more scoring?

 

1 – Yes                                                                28

2 – No                                                                 64

3 – Don’t know/No opinion                                  8

 

  1. If you were legally allowed to place bets on the games?

 

1 – Yes                                                                19

2 – No                                                                 72

3 – Don’t know/No opinion                                  9

 

  1. If home run numbers declined would your interest in baseball increase, decrease or remain the same?

1 – Increase                                                        6

2 – Decrease                                                       13

3 – Remain the same                                          75

4 – Don’t know/No opinion                                  6

 

  1. Pete Rose has been prohibited from being elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame because he gambled on baseball games while an active player and manager. Do you think because sports betting has been legalized in some states the prohibition on Rose getting into the Hall should be lifted?

 

1 – Yes                                                                52

2 – No                                                                 30

3 – Don’t know/No opinion                                  18

 

  1. Do you think players who have been linked to performance enhancing drug use should be allowed to be members of the Baseball Hall of Fame?

 

1 – Yes                                                                19

2 – No                                                                 70

3 – Don’t know/No opinion                                  12

 

  1. Would you say you watch or follow baseball a great deal, a good amount, a little or not at all?

 

1 – Great deal                                                     11

2 – Good amount                                                18

3 – A little                                                               35

4 – Not at all                                                          35

5 – Don’t know                                                        1

 

(IF “NOT AT ALL” SKIP TO DEMOGRAPHICS)

In order to increase offense and shorten the length of games, Major League Baseball has proposed a series of rules changes. Please tell me whether you approve or disapprove of the following proposals:

  1. It is proposed to move the pitcher’s mound back from the traditional 60 feet 6 inches to 62 feet

1 – Approve                                                         29

2 – Disapprove                                                   59

3 – Don’t know/No opinion                                  12

 

  1. Another proposal is to start extra innings by placing a runner on second base at the beginning of each extra frame.

 

1 – Approve                                                         17

2 – Disapprove                                                    77

3 – Don’t know/No opinion                                  6

 

  1. Another proposal mandating that relief pitchers must pitch to at least 3 batters (unless finishing an inning) before being removed from the game?

 

1 – Approve                                                         53

2 – Disapprove                                                    38

3 – Don’t know/No opinion                                  10

 

  1. Do you think the Designated Hitter rule should be extended to the National League, eliminated from the American League or should things be left as they are?

 

1 – Extended to NL                                             22

2 – Eliminated from AL                                        9

3 – Left alone                                                              61

4 – Don’t know/No opinion                                             8

 

  1. When you watch a baseball game do you watch on TV, online, or both TV and online?

 

1 – TV                                                                 79

2 – Online                                                            4

3 – Both                                                               15

4 – Don’t know                                                    3

 

13.How would you say you primarily follow baseball, by watching games, reading newspapers, listening to the radio or through video highlights?

 

1 – Watching games                                           51

2 – Newspapers                                                5

3 – Radio                                                             7

4 – Video highlights                                        30

5 – Other                                                             5

6 – Don’t know                                                   3

 

 

 

In Wake of NFL Post-Season Controversies Public Wants Rule Changes for Pass Interference and OT

In Wake of NFL Post-Season Controversies Public Wants Rule Changes
for Pass Interference and OT
Nation also ‘tired’ of seeing Patriots in Super Bowl; thinks legalized gambling can lead to scandal

South Orange NJ, February 2, 2019 – By an overwhelming margin, the public wants instant replay for judgment calls such as pass interference, according to a Seton Hall Sports Poll conducted this week.

Asked if replay review should be allowed for judgment calls like pass interference, 82% said yes, with only 10% saying no and the rest having no opinion or saying they did not know.
Among those who said they followed the sport closely, even more, 89%, said yes, while only 7% said no.

Even among the respondents who said they follow the NFL very closely, 85% said yes, they “think instant replay review should be allowed for judgment calls like pass interference.” Among that group of very close followers, however, 13% said “no.”

Regarding overtime possession rules, a majority of respondents polled said that each team should get at least one possession in overtime: 58% said that both teams should have the ball, with only 33% saying the rule (a touchdown on first possession ends the game), should be left alone.

The poll received 985 adult responses across the country, using both landlines and cellphones, with a margin of error of +/- 3.2%.

“In the NFL’s championship games, referee calls and non-calls made a very big difference,” noted Rick Gentile, director of the poll, which is sponsored by the Sharkey Institute of the Stillman School of Business at Seton Hall.  “And in some ways, Kansas City’s offense never getting a chance to take the field in overtime was anticlimactic – never a good thing in the entertainment business, and something the NFL may want to pay attention to along with the overwhelming support for instant replay review for judgment calls such as pass interference.”

Nation ‘Tired’ of Patriots

Perhaps the overtime rules wouldn’t have seemed so unfair if the Kansas City Chiefs hadn’t been playing the New England Patriots, who have made their way to the Super Bowl four out of the past five years.

Nearly half of Americans say they are tired of seeing the New England Patriots in the Super Bowl.

46% said they were tired of seeing them, with only 25% saying their appearance would make the game more interesting.

Among those who follow the NFL closely or very closely, the number rose to 62% who are tired of seeing them against only 27% who thought their appearance would make the game more interesting.

Tom Brady
The numbers are not very good for New England quarterback Tom Brady either, whose favorable rating has fallen to only 29% after a high of 61% in February 2015, when the Poll first asked about him.  That was before the penalty for “Deflategate” was instituted, and his favorable rating fell to 34% by that October.

Brady’s favorable rating was only 24% among women and 35% among men. While the overall rating is 29% favorable to 23% unfavorable, among those that follow the NFL closely it is even.

Bill Belichick

Patriots’ coach Bill Belichick had only a 20% favorable rating in this poll, about even with his standing in October of 2015 in the wake of “Deflategate.”

“Despite his brilliance on the field, it appears the effects of ‘Deflategate’ and the suggestion that Brady was a cheater may linger for the remainder of his career,” noted Director Gentile, “As for ‘Patriots Fatigue’ it will be interesting to see how it effects the ratings.”

Legal Sports Betting 

Meanwhile, as legalized sports betting begins a growth period on a state-by-state basis, Americans had a strong feeling that it will inevitably lead to scandal.  Asked if they believe legal betting can lead to cheating or fixing of games by players, 81% said yes, and 79% said it can lead to cheating or fixing of games by referees or umpires.

What is music to a network ear however, is that 71% say they would be more likely to watch a broadcast of a game on which they bet. Even better news is by more than 5 to 1, people 18-29 are more inclined to watch a game they bet on. This is similar with Seton Hall Sports Poll’s finding when the question was first asked last fall.

This release may be found online at http://blogs.shu.edu/sportspoll/

The Official Seton Hall Sports Poll podcast discussing this topic with Seth Everett and Rick Gentile can befound at https://itunes.apple.com/mt/podcast/seton-hall-sports-poll/id1053266467.

About the poll:

This poll was conducted by telephone January 28-30 among adults in the United States. The Seton Hall Sports Poll is conducted by the Sharkey Institute. Phone numbers were dialed from samples of both standard landline and cell phones.  The error for subgroups may be higher. This poll release conforms to the Standards of Disclosure of the National Council on Public Polls. The Seton Hall Sports Poll has been conducted regularly since 2006.

Media: Media: Marty Appel, AppelPR@gmail.com; Rick Gentile (917) 881-9489
Michael Ricciardelli, Associate Director of Media Relations, Seton Hall
michael.ricciardelli@shu.edu, 908-447-3034

The results:

 

  1. Last year the Supreme Court ruled that betting on sporting events could be declared legal by individual states.  Do you approve of this ruling, disapprove or do you have no opinion?

 

1 – Approve                             38%

2 – Disapprove                       16

3 – Don’t know/No opinion      46

 

  1. Former member of congress and ex-NBA player Tom McMillen said last week that as a result of legalized sports betting “There is a 100% chance that there will be a major gambling scandal at an institution of higher education in the United States.”  Do you agree or disagree

with his statement?

 

1 – Agree                                 51

2 – Disagree                           33

3 – Don’t know/No opinion      16

 

  1. Do you believe legal betting on sports events can lead to cheating or fixing games by players?

 

1 – Yes                                     81

2 – No                                     15

3 – Don’t know/No opinion        4

 

  1. Do you believe legal betting on sports events can lead to cheating or fixing games by referees or umpires?

 

1 – Yes                                     79

2 – No                                     18

3 – Don’t know/No opinion        3

 

  1. Do you participate in any pools or wagering on the Super Bowl?

 

1 – Yes                                     11

2 – No                                     88

3 – Don’t know                          0

(If No skip to Question 7)

 

  1. Would you watch the game if you weren’t betting on it or participating in a pool?

 

1 – Yes                                     79

2 – No                                     20

3 – Don’t know                          2

 

  1. Have you ever participated in any pools or wagered on the Super Bowl?

 

1 – Yes                                     31

3 – No                                     68

4 – Don’t know                          1

 

  1. Would you be more likely to bet on a sports event if it was legal in your state?

 

1 – Yes                                     29

2 – No                                     68

3 – Don’t know                          3

 

  1. If you placed a bet on a sports event would it make you more likely to watch the broadcast of that event?

 

1 – Yes                                     71

2 – No                                     27

3 – Don’t know                          2

 

  1. Is your opinion of Patriots’ quarterback Tom Brady favorable, unfavorable or do you have no opinion?

 

1 – Favorable                           29

2 – Unfavorable                      23

3 – No opinion                         48

 

  1. How about Patriots’ coach Bill Belichick, is your opinion favorable, unfavorable or do you have no opinion?

 

1 – Favorable                           20

2 – Unfavorable                       21

3 – No opinion                         59

 

  1. This will be the 4th time in the last 5 years that the New England Patriots will appear in the Super Bowl.  Does that make them more interesting to see play again or are you tired of seeing

them in the Super Bowl?

 

1 – More interesting                 25

2 – Tired of seeing them         46

3 – Don’t know/No opinion      29

 

  1. How closely would you say you follow the NFL, very closely, closely, not closely or not at all?

 

1 – Very closely                       13

2 – Closely                             27

3 – Not closely                        30

4 – Not at all                           30

5 – Don’t know                          0

 

  1. There was controversy regarding the NFC and AFC Championship Games last week because of calls, or non-calls by the referees.  Do you think replay review should be allowed for judgment calls like pass interference?

 

1 – Yes                                     82

2 – No                                     10

3 – Don’t know/No opinion        9

 

  1. In the NFL if the team that wins the coin toss for the overtime period elects to receive the ball and then scores a touchdown on the first drive, the game is over.  This just happened in the AFC Championship game between the Patriots and Chiefs.  Do you think both teams should have a chance to possess the ball at least once in the overtime period or should the rule remain as is?

 

1 – Both teams should possess the ball         58

2 – Leave rule as is                                       33

3 – Don’t know/No opinion                              9

 

 

ABOUT SETON HALL UNIVERSITY

One of the country’s leading Catholic universities, Seton Hall has been showing the world what great minds can do since 1856. Home to nearly 10,000 undergraduate and graduate students and offering more than 90 rigorous academic programs, Seton Hall’s academic excellence has been singled out for distinction by The Princeton Review, U.S. News & World Report and Bloomberg Businessweek.

Seton Hall embraces students of all religions and prepares them to be exemplary servant leaders and global citizens. In recent years, the University has achieved extraordinary success. Since 2009, it has seen record-breaking undergraduate enrollment growth and an impressive 110-point increase in the average SAT scores of incoming freshmen. In the past decade, Seton Hall students and alumni have received more than 30 Fulbright Scholarships as well as other prestigious academic honors, including Boren Awards, Pickering Fellowships, Udall Scholarships and a Rhodes Scholarship. The University is also proud to be the third most diverse national Catholic university in the nation.

During the past five years, the University has invested more than $165 million in new campus buildings and renovations. And in 2015, Seton Hall launched a School of Medicine as well as a College of Communication and the Arts. The University’s beautiful main campus in suburban South Orange, N.J. is only 14 miles from New York City — offering students a wealth of employment, internship, cultural and entertainment opportunities. Seton Hall’s nationally recognized School of Law is located prominently in downtown Newark. The University’s Interprofessional Health Sciences (IHS) campus in Clifton and Nutley, N.J. opened in the summer of 2018. The IHS campus houses the University’s College of Nursing, School of Health and Medical Sciences and the Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine at Seton Hall University.

For more information, visit www.shu.edu.

Poll: 70 Percent More Likely to Watch Game If They Wager on It

As leagues move towards embrace of gambling, 70% say they’re more likely to watch a game if they wager, but 61% say it will lead to cheating or fixed games.

South Orange, NJ, November 30, 2018 — If you bet that wagering on a game leads to greater viewership – you’d be right. A survey by the Seton Hall Sports Poll has found that 70% of Americans say they would be more likely to watch a game they bet on.

In a week in which Major League Baseball announced a marketing partnership with MGM Resorts, the era of “No Betting Permitted” signs at ballparks is over, and the fans seem to love it.

But it is a double edge sword – 61% say they believe that legal betting on sports events leads to cheating or the fixing of games.

But oh that 70% of heightened interested in watching games is music to a sports league’s ears. Within that, the poll found that 88% of those age 18-29, the coveted demographic loved by sponsors and hardest to reach – would be more likely to watch if they placed a bet.

“Watching is the first step towards creating a paying fan,” noted Rick Gentile, director of the poll, which is sponsored by the Sharkey Institute of the Stillman School of Business. “In the 1980s, the leagues became aware that fantasy sports were heightening interest, and eventually, they embraced it. Now they appear to be ‘all in’ with something once impossible to imagine.”

The poll was conducted this week across to country to 741 adults on landlines and cellphones, and has a +/- 3.7% margin of error.

Asked if they were more likely to bet on a game if they could do it with their cellphones, 64% of those 18-29 said they would do it. 40% of the overall sample said they would be more likely.

Younger people, in fact, have less resistance to gambling. On the question of whether legalized sports gambling is creating a compulsive gambling problem, only 5% of those 18-29 strongly agreed, while the number grew to some five times that among older respondents. (21% of those 30-44, 28% 45-59 and 30% over 60).

40% said they approved of the Supreme Court’s ruling that betting on professional sports could be declared legal by individual states, with only 16% disapproving. The gender breakdown was dramatic here, with 52% of men favoring the court’s decision, but only 28% of women.

The gender gap repeated in a question of whether betting should be limited to pro sports or extended to college sports. 42% said pro and college, 35% said just pro – but 51% of men said pro and college, with only 33% of women agreeing.

Of the 33% who say they have bet sports, 51% believe gambling leads to cheating or fixing of games vs. 61% of the overall public.

Of the 33% who say they have bet on sports, 31% agree that legalized sports gambling is creating a compulsive gambling problem in this country (43% overall agreed); 49% said they would be more likely to wager if it was legal in their state (vs. 31% overall), 77% said they would be more likely to watch games they bet on (vs. 70% overall), and 56% said they would be more likely to gamble on sports if they could bet using a cellphone (vs. 40% overall).

The Official Seton Hall Sports Poll podcast discussing this topic with Seth Everett and Rick Gentile can be found at https://itunes.apple.com/mt/podcast/seton-hall-sports-poll/id1053266467.

About the poll:

This poll was conducted by telephone November 26-28 among adults in the United States. The Seton Hall Sports Poll is conducted by the Sharkey Institute at the University’s Stillman School of Business. Phone numbers were dialed from samples of both standard landline and cell phones.  The error for subgroups may be higher. This poll release conforms to the Standards of Disclosure of the National Council on Public Polls. The Seton Hall Sports Poll has been conducted regularly since 2006.

Media: Media: Marty Appel, AppelPR@gmail.com;
Michael Ricciardelli, Associate Director of Media Relations, Seton Hall
michael.ricciardelli@shu.edu, 908-447-3034

The results:

  1. The Supreme Court recently ruled that betting on sporting events could be declared legal by individual states. Do you approve of this ruling, disapprove or do you have no opinion?

1 – Approve                                         40%

            2 – Disapprove                                    16

            3 – Don’t know/No opinion                44

  1. Do you think legal sports betting should be limited to professional sports or should betting on college sports be legal as well?

1 – Just Pro sports                               35
2 – Professional and college                42
3 – Neither (don’t give as an option) 12
4 – Don’t know/No opinion                12

  1. What comes closer to your view of betting on sports events:

1) It should be allowed and taxed since a lot of people do it anyway.
2) It shouldn’t be allowed since it promotes too much gambling and damages the integrity of sports.

1 – Should be allowed                         54
2 – Shouldn’t be allowed                     36
3 – Neither (don’t give as an option)   3
4 – Don’t know/No opinion                7

  1. Should gambling on sports be regulated on a state-to-state basis or by the federal government?

1 – States                                             65
2 – Federal government                       26
3 – Neither (don’t give as an option) 5
4 – Don’t know/No opinion                4

  1. Tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with the following statement: Legalized sports gambling is creating a compulsive gambling problem in this country.

1 – Strongly agree                               22
2 – Somewhat agree                           21
3 – Somewhat disagree                      29
4 – Strongly disagree                           24
5 – Don’t know/No opinion                5

  1. Do you believe legal betting on sports events leads to cheating or fixing games?

1 – Yes                                                 61
2 – No                                                  33
3 – Don’t know/No opinion               6

  1. Is betting on sporting events legal in the state in which you reside?

1 – Yes                                                 15
2 – No                                                  33
3 – Don’t know                                    52

(SKIP NEXT QUESTION IF YES)

  1. Would you be more likely to bet on a sporting event if it was legal in your state?

1 – Yes                                                 32
2 – No                                                  66
3 – Don’t know/No opinion               3

  1. Have you ever placed a bet on a sporting event?

1 – Yes                                                 33
2 – No                                                  67
3 – Don’t know                                    0

  1. Have you ever participated in a Super Bowl pool involving money?

1 – Yes                                                 39
2 – No                                                  61
3 – Don’t know/No opinion               1

  1. Have you ever filled out brackets for the NCAA basketball tournament for cash prizes?

1 – Yes                                                 17
2 – No                                                  83
3 – Don’t know/No opinion               0

  1. Have you ever wagered money on a daily fantasy website like DraftKings or FanDuel?

1 – Yes                                                   3
2 – No                                                  97
3 – Don’t know/No opinion               0

  1. If you placed a bet on a sporting event would it make you more likely to watch the broadcast of that event?

1 – Yes                                                 70
2 – No                                                  27
3 – Don’t know/No opinion                3

  1. Do you think you would be more likely to gamble on sports if your were able to place a bet using your cell phone as opposed to going to a casino or gambling parlor?

1 – Yes                                                 40
2 – No                                                  57
3 – Don’t know/No opinion               3

  1. How closely do you follow sports, very closely, somewhat closely, not closely or not at all?

1 – Very closely                                  20
2 – Somewhat closely                       39
3 – Not closely                                    16
4 – Not at all                                        26

ABOUT SETON HALL UNIVERSITY

One of the country’s leading Catholic universities, Seton Hall has been showing the world what great minds can do since 1856. Home to nearly 10,000 undergraduate and graduate students and offering more than 90 rigorous academic programs, Seton Hall’s academic excellence has been singled out for distinction by The Princeton Review, U.S. News & World Report and Bloomberg Businessweek.

Seton Hall embraces students of all religions and prepares them to be exemplary servant leaders and global citizens. In recent years, the University has achieved extraordinary success. Since 2009, it has seen record-breaking undergraduate enrollment growth and an impressive 110-point increase in the average SAT scores of incoming freshmen. In the past decade, Seton Hall students and alumni have received more than 30 Fulbright Scholarships as well as other prestigious academic honors, including Boren Awards, Pickering Fellowships, Udall Scholarships and a Rhodes Scholarship. The University is also proud to be the third most diverse national Catholic university in the nation.

During the past five years, the University has invested more than $165 million in new campus buildings and renovations. And in 2015, Seton Hall launched a School of Medicine as well as a College of Communication and the Arts. The University’s beautiful main campus in suburban South Orange, N.J. is only 14 miles from New York City — offering students a wealth of employment, internship, cultural and entertainment opportunities. Seton Hall’s nationally recognized School of Law is located prominently in downtown Newark. The University’s Interprofessional Health Sciences (IHS) campus in Clifton and Nutley, N.J. opened in the summer of 2018. The IHS campus houses the University’s College of Nursing, School of Health and Medical Sciences and the Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine at Seton Hall University.

For more information, visit www.shu.edu.

31% of Fans Find NFL Less Enjoyable with New Safety Rules This Year

South Orange, NJ, November 2, 2018– With the NFL having instituted a number of new safety rules this season, the football-loving public has weighed in, with 31% saying the game is less enjoyable, and only 11% saying it is more enjoyable.  54% say it has no effect.

Among men, 35% say it is less enjoyable, and among women, the number is 15%.

“It is noteworthy that men prefer the more violent game, as articulated by President Trump,” noted Rick Gentile, director of the poll, which is sponsored by the Sharkey Institute.

Responses are based on the number of people (469) who have said that they have watched NFL games this season.

The poll was conducted October 29-31 among 839 adults across the country, on landlines and cellphones.  Of the group that has watched the NFL this year, the sampling has a margin of error of +/- 4.6%.

The poll also asked the “watch NFL group” questions about officiating, and it found that 24% believe officiating has gotten worse, with only 11% saying it has improved.  54% said it remained the same.

Meanwhile, the NFL took the unusual step of firing an official after five games, the first time a ref was fired in mid-season in 50 years.  40% of fans (from the full sample) called that a positive move, with 28% calling it a PR stunt.

The Official Seton Hall Sports Poll podcast discussing this topic with Seth Everett and Rick Gentile can be found at https://itunes.apple.com/mt/podcast/seton-hall-sports-poll/id1053266467.

ABOUT SETON HALL UNIVERSITY

One of the country’s leading Catholic universities, Seton Hall has been showing the world what great minds can do since 1856. Home to nearly 10,000 undergraduate and graduate students and offering more than 90 rigorous academic programs, Seton Hall’s academic excellence has been singled out for distinction by The Princeton Review, U.S. News & World Report and Bloomberg Businessweek.

Seton Hall embraces students of all religions and prepares them to be exemplary servant leaders and global citizens. In recent years, the University has achieved extraordinary success. Since 2009, it has seen record-breaking undergraduate enrollment growth and an impressive 110-point increase in the average SAT scores of incoming freshmen. In the past decade, Seton Hall students and alumni have received more than 30 Fulbright Scholarships as well as other prestigious academic honors, including Boren Awards, Pickering Fellowships, Udall Scholarships and a Rhodes Scholarship. The University is also proud to be the third most diverse national Catholic university in the nation.

During the past five years, the University has invested more than $165 million in new campus buildings and renovations. And in 2015, Seton Hall launched a School of Medicine as well as a College of Communication and the Arts. The University’s beautiful main campus in suburban South Orange, N.J. is only 14 miles from New York City — offering students a wealth of employment, internship, cultural and entertainment opportunities. Seton Hall’s nationally recognized School of Law is located prominently in downtown Newark. The University’s Interprofessional Health Sciences (IHS) campus in Clifton and Nutley, N.J. opened in the summer of 2018. The IHS campus houses the University’s College of Nursing, School of Health and Medical Sciences and the Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine at Seton Hall University.

For more information, visit www.shu.edu.

About the poll:

This poll was conducted by telephone October 29-31 among adults in the United States. The Seton Hall Sports Poll is conducted by the Sharkey Institute. Phone numbers were dialed from samples of both standard landline and cell phones.  The error for subgroups may be higher. This poll release conforms to the Standards of Disclosure of the National Council on Public Polls. The Seton Hall Sports Poll has been conducted regularly since 2006.

Media: Media: Marty Appel, AppelPR@gmail.com; Rick Gentile (917) 881-9489
Michael Ricciardelli, Associate Director of Media Relations, Seton Hall
michael.ricciardelli@shu.edu, 908-447-3034

The results:

  1. Have you watched any NFL games this season?

1 – Yes: 56%
2 – No: 43%
3 – Don’t know: 1%

(IF NO SKIP NEXT 2 QUESTIONS)

  1. The NFL has adopted several new rules designed to increase player safety, including leading with the helmet in making a tackle. Have the new rules made the game more enjoyable to watch, less enjoyable or have had no effect?

1 – More enjoyable: 11%
2 – Less enjoyable: 31%
3 – No effect: 54%
4 – Don’t know/No opinion: 4%

  1. Do you think officiating in the NFL this season has generally improved, gotten worse or remained the same?

1 – Improved: 11%
2 – Gotten worse: 24%
3 – Remained the same: 54%
4 – Don’t know/No opinion: 11%

  1. An NFL referee was fired after 5 games this season for bad performance – the first time a ref was fired in mid-season in 50 years. Do you think this is a positive move by the league or a PR stunt to answer criticism of general bad officiating?

1 – Positive move: 40%
2 – PR stunt: 28%
3 – Both: 5%
4 – Don’t know/No opinion: 27%

  1. How closely would you say you follow sports, very closely, closely, not closely or not at all?

1 – Very closely: 17%
2 – Closely: 29%
3 – Not closely: 37%
4 – Not at all: 16%

 

Roughly Half the Nation Feels Legalized Sports Betting Calls Integrity of Games into Question

South Orange, NJ, May 16, 2018 — Concern over the integrity of sports results has gone hand in hand with the question of legalized gambling over the years, and Monday’s Supreme Court ruling, which ended the federal ban on sports wagering, has intensified the discussion even further.

The most recent Seton Hall Sports Poll (conducted April 23-25 among 736 adults in the U.S. with a +/- 3.7% margin of error), found that 48% feel legalized sports betting would negatively impact the integrity of sporting events.

This was consistent with a poll taken by the SHSP in 2014, when 49% answered affirmatively to the same question. When the question was posed in 2012, 53% said the sports integrity would be negatively impacted.

“People tend to be in favor of gambling on games, but a large number – nearly half the population, believes the outcome of games could be subject to questioning,” noted Rick Gentile, director of the poll, which is sponsored by the Stillman School of Business and its Sharkey Institute. “ Whether the games are fixed or not isn’t the question so much as whether public confidence is eroded. That’s a big problem for sports leagues.”

The Official Seton Hall Sports Poll podcast discussing this topic with Seth Everett and Rick Gentile can be found at https://itunes.apple.com/mt/podcast/seton-hall-sports-poll/id1053266467.

ABOUT SETON HALL UNIVERSITY

One of the country’s leading Catholic universities, Seton Hall University has been a catalyst for leadership — developing students in mind, heart and spirit — since 1856. Home to nearly 10,000 undergraduate and graduate students and offering more than 90 academic programs, Seton Hall’s academic excellence has been singled out for distinction by The Princeton Review, U.S.News & World Report and Bloomberg Businessweek.

Seton Hall, which embraces students of all religions, prepares its graduates to be exemplary servant leaders and global citizens. Its attractive main campus is located in suburban South Orange, New Jersey, and is only 14 miles by train, bus or car from New York City, offering a wealth of employment, internship, cultural and entertainment opportunities. The university’s nationally recognized School of Law is prominently located in downtown Newark.

For more information, visit www.shu.edu.

About the poll:

This poll was conducted by telephone April 23-25 among 736 adults in the United States. The Seton Hall Sports Poll is conducted by the Sharkey Institute, with cell phone interviewing provided by Braun Research.

Phone numbers were dialed from samples of both standard landline and cell phones. The error due to sampling for results based on the entire sample could be plus or minus 3.7 percentage points. The error for subgroups may be higher. This poll release conforms to the Standards of Disclosure of the National Council on Public Polls.

The Seton Hall Sports Poll has been conducted regularly since 2006.

Media: Media: Marty Appel, AppelPR@gmail.com;
Michael Ricciardelli, Associate Director of Media Relations, Seton Hall
michael.ricciardelli@shu.edu, 908-447-3034

The results of Seton Hall’s April poll:

  1. Would you be in favor of legalized betting on sports events?

Yes       55%

No       35

Don’t know/No opinion       10

(IF NO TO ABOVE SKIP TO QUESTION 3)

Would you be in favor of betting on just professional events or should betting on collegiate events be legal as well?

Just professional       36

Both professional and collegiate       49

Don’t know/No opinion       15

  1. Do you think legalized sports betting would negatively impact the integrity of sporting events?

Yes       48

No       42

Don’t know/No opinion       10

 

  1. The US Supreme Court is about to rule on whether states should be allowed to legalize betting on sports events or whether it should be up to the federal government to decide. Do you think sports betting should be under state control or federal control?

State control       62

Federal control       27

Don’t know/No opinion       12

 

Supreme Court Decision on Sports Betting Aligns with Poll Findings

South Orange, NJ– May 14, 2018
The U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling that the ban on sports betting is unconstitutional and leaving the decision in the hand’s of individual states, is in line with the Seton Hall Sports Poll’s findings on sports betting in America.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 6-3 in favor of New Jersey and, ultimately, in favor of legalized sports betting. By a margin of 55% – 35%, a full 20 points, the American public favors legalized betting on sports events, according to a poll conducted three weeks ago by the Seton Hall Sports Poll.

“The Supreme Court ruling is in synch with the trend the Seton Hall Sports Poll has tracked for several years now,” noted Rick Gentile, director of the poll, which is sponsored by the Stillman School of Business and the Sharkey Institute. “Our respondents more and more, are in favor of legalized sports betting and, moreover, want it out of the hands of federal government.”

The poll was conducted over landlines and cellphones to 736 randomly selected people across the country, and has a margin of error of +/- 3.7%.

The poll also asked whether people think that sports betting should be controlled by individual states, or by the federal government.

62% said sports gambling should be under state control, with
27% saying the federal government should control it.

Broken down by gender, men are much more inclined to support legalized betting,
with 63% saying yes.

Only 47% of women favored legalized betting.

Approval fell significantly by age, with 68% support from ages 18-29, down to 37% at age 60 and over. Similarly, the support number fell based on level of education, with 71% supporting legalized gambling among those who did not finish high school, to 39% for those with post-graduate degrees.

Those who favor legalized betting think it should cover both professional and college sports by a margin of 49% – 36%.

The results can be found here

The Official Seton Hall Sports Poll podcast discussing this topic with Seth Everett and Rick Gentile can be found at https://itunes.apple.com/mt/podcast/seton-hall-sports-poll/id1053266467.

ABOUT SETON HALL UNIVERSITY

One of the country’s leading Catholic universities, Seton Hall University has been a catalyst for leadership — developing students in mind, heart and spirit — since 1856. Home to nearly 10,000 undergraduate and graduate students and offering more than 90 academic programs, Seton Hall’s academic excellence has been singled out for distinction by The Princeton Review, U.S.News & World Report and Bloomberg Businessweek.

Seton Hall, which embraces students of all religions, prepares its graduates to be exemplary servant leaders and global citizens. Its attractive main campus is located in suburban South Orange, New Jersey, and is only 14 miles by train, bus or car from New York City, offering a wealth of employment, internship, cultural and entertainment opportunities. The university’s nationally recognized School of Law is prominently located in downtown Newark.

For more information, visit www.shu.edu.

About the poll:

This poll was conducted by telephone April 23-25 among 736 adults in the United States. The Seton Hall Sports Poll is conducted by the Sharkey Institute, with cell phone interviewing provided by Braun Research.

Phone numbers were dialed from samples of both standard landline and cell phones. The error due to sampling for results based on the entire sample could be plus or minus 3.7 percentage points. The error for subgroups may be higher. This poll release conforms to the Standards of Disclosure of the National Council on Public Polls.

The Seton Hall Sports Poll has been conducted regularly since 2006.

Media: Media: Marty Appel, AppelPR@gmail.com;
Michael Ricciardelli, Associate Director of Media Relations, Seton Hall
michael.ricciardelli@shu.edu, 862-520-9639; 908-447-3034

The results:

The results:

  1. Would you be in favor of legalized betting on sports events?

Yes       55%

No       35

Don’t know/No opinion       10

(IF NO TO ABOVE SKIP TO QUESTION 3)

  1. Would you be in favor of betting on just professional events or should betting on collegiate events be legal as well?

Just professional                   36

Both professional and collegiate       49

Don’t know/No opinion       15

  1. Do you think legalized sports betting would negatively impact the integrity of sporting events?

Yes       48

No       42

Don’t know/No opinion       10

The US Supreme Court is about to rule on whether states should be allowed to legalize betting on sports events or whether it should be up to the federal government to decide. Do you think sports betting should be under state control or federal control?

State control       62

Federal control       27

Don’t know/No opinion       12

63% Say they’ll Watch Olympics, 43% Plan to Use Live Stream

Public says ‘yes’ to criminal charges for gymnastics and college officials in wake of Dr. Nassar trial; big pushback on NBA proposal for gambling on basketball.

S. Orange, NJ, February 7, 2018 — The Winter Olympics in South Korea may be 14 time zones removed from the Eastern Time Zone of the US — but 43% of Americans say they plan to watch NBC’s live streaming content during the Games, with only 48% saying they did not have such plans.

“That is a healthy number of people turning to devices other than television,” noted Rick Gentile, director of the poll, which is sponsored by the Sharkey Institute.   “You might call this the breakthrough year for streaming coverage making a big impact.”

The poll was conducted January 29-31 with random calls to 706 adults on landlines and cellphones across the country, and has a margin of error of +/- 3.8%.

A big chunk of the country — 63% — say they will watch at least some coverage of the Games, which begin Friday, February 8.  That is double those who said “no” (31%) to watching any coverage.

Asked if they would be more likely to buy a product advertising during the Olympics, 87% said it would make no difference, a number that advertising executives would surely debate.  Five percent said they were “more likely” and 5% said “less likely” to buy the product.

Big Pushback on NBA Proposal for Gambling on Games in New York State

The Poll also asked people about a proposal from the NBA that would allow gambling on its games in New York State, using hand held devices and kiosks in addition to casinos and racetracks.  (The league would receive one percent of all wagers).  Asked if the league should be taking such an active role in promoting the legalization of sports gambling, 69% said “no” with only 16% saying “yes,” and 14% in the don’t know/no opinion category.

But there was a clear age difference in support of wagering.  While only 7% of those 45-59 supported the New York State proposal, the number jumped to 19% for those 30-44 and 36 percent for those 18-29.

Criminal Charges for Gymnastics, College Officials in Wake of Dr. Nassar Trial?
A Resounding ‘Yes’ from the Public

Finally, the Poll asked whether Board members from U.S. Gymnastics Federation and officials at Michigan State University should face criminal charges for not acting on complaints from gymnasts regarding Dr. Larry Nassar, the American public shouted “yes” by 78% to just 6%, with 16% saying “don’t know or no opinion.”

 “We have seen resignations in the wake of the Nassar conviction and sentencing,” said Gentile.  “But public opinion says more punishment is needed, and this is really an overwhelming statement.”

The Official Seton Hall Sports Poll podcast discussing this topic with Seth Everett and Rick Gentile can be found at https://itunes.apple.com/mt/podcast/seton-hall-sports-poll/id1053266467.

ABOUT SETON HALL UNIVERSITY

One of the country’s leading Catholic universities, Seton Hall University has been a catalyst for leadership — developing students in mind, heart and spirit — since 1856. Home to nearly 10,000 undergraduate and graduate students and offering more than 90 academic programs, Seton Hall’s academic excellence has been singled out for distinction by The Princeton Review, U.S.News & World Report and Bloomberg Businessweek.

Seton Hall, which embraces students of all religions, prepares its graduates to be exemplary servant leaders and global citizens. Its attractive main campus is located in suburban South Orange, New Jersey, and is only 14 miles by train, bus or car from New York City, offering a wealth of employment, internship, cultural and entertainment opportunities. The university’s nationally recognized School of Law is prominently located in downtown Newark.

For more information, visit www.shu.edu.

About the poll:

This poll was conducted by telephone January 29-31 among 706 adults in the United States. The Seton Hall Sports Poll is conducted by the Sharkey Institute.

Phone numbers were dialed from samples of both standard landline and cell phones. The error due to sampling for results based on the entire sample could be plus or minus 3.8 percentage points. The error for subgroups may be higher. This poll release conforms to the Standards of Disclosure of the National Council on Public Polls.

The Seton Hall Sports Poll has been conducted regularly since 2006.

Media: Media: Marty Appel, AppelPR@gmail.com;
Michael Ricciardelli, Associate Director of Media Relations, Seton Hall
michael.ricciardelli@shu.edu, 908-447-3034

The results:

1. A doctor who was employed by the U.S. Gymnastics Federation and practiced medicine at Michigan State University has been convicted of sexually abusing over 100 female gymnasts (including many minors) over a period of decades. As a result, the president and athletic director of Michigan State have resigned as has the entire board of the U.S. Gymnastics Federation. Do you think the gymnastics board members and university officials should face criminal charges for not taking action on the many complaints from victims?

1. Yes                                                  78

2. No                                                     6

3. Don’t know/No opinion               16

2. Do you plan on watching any television coverage of the Winter Olympics from South Korea that will begin on Feb. 8?

1. Yes                                                  63

2. No                                                   31

3. Don’t know                                      6

3. Many of the events during the Olympics will be live streamed by NBC. Do you plan to watch any of the live streaming content?

1. Yes                                                  43

2. No                                                   48

3. Don’t know                                    10

4. Would you be more likely to buy a product advertised during the Olympics, less likely or does it make no difference?

1. More likely                                         5

2. Less likely                                           5

3. No difference                                   87

4. Don’t know                                        3

5. The NBA has proposed a plan for sports gambling to the NY State Senate that would include the league receiving one percent of all wagers and allow wagering on handheld devices and in kiosks as opposed to just casinos and racetracks. Do you think a professional sports league should be taking such an active role in promoting the legalization of sports gambling?

1. Yes                                                  16

2. No                                                   69

3. Don’t know/No opinion               14

Cord Cutting Can Wait – 98 Percent Watched Super Bowl on TV; Public Says Brady ‘Best Ever’

South Orange, NJ, February 9, 2017 – An era of cord-cutting may loom in the future, but for now, traditional television viewing of the Super Bowl has a firm grasp on the American public. According to a Seton Hall Sports Poll conducted this week in the days after the game, a whopping 98% watched on TV, with only a combined 1% – barely – watching on phone, tablet or computer.

The poll was conducted February 6-8 among 661 adults across the country on both landlines and cellphones, with a margin of error of 3.9 %.

“It’s the biggest event of the year in America, and people want to watch it on their biggest and most reliable device,” noted Rick Gentile, director of the poll, which is sponsored by The Sharkey Institute.

Meanwhile, asked if Tom Brady is the greatest quarterback in NFL history, 63% of those who identified as sports fans agreed with only 19% disagreeing. Of those who said they were NFL fans, 51% agreed, and 21% disagreed. Among the general population, 39% agreed, with only 21% disagreeing.

“These are remarkably high numbers, given the controversies surrounding him – a large dislike for the New England Patriots, his suspension over ‘deflategate’ and his support of a controversial President,” said Gentile.

In the excitement following the first overtime in Super Bowl history and the fifth Super Bowl win for the Patriots, 44% found the game the most compelling of recent championships, with Game 7 of the World Series registering 26% and the college football championship (Alabama-Clemson) at 11%.

“For the World Series to be named by one out of four Americans, three months after it ended and in the days after a thrilling Super Bowl is great news for baseball,” added Gentile.

Asked if they saw any commercials during the game that made them want to purchase the advertised product, 83% said no, and 12% yes.

“People generally don’t acknowledge that commercials influence their buying,” noted Rick Gentile, director of the poll, which is sponsored by The Sharkey Institute.  “Of course, their purchasing habits show the opposite – advertising drives sales. And 12% of the viewing public is a very large number. Advertisers should be pleased.”

7% said they enjoyed the commercials the most, but 13% named the halftime show and 72% said “the game” when asked what they enjoyed the most.

A commercial for GNC, the vitamin chain which sells substances banned by the NFL, was not shown. Asked whether GNC should have been allowed to advertise in the game, given that the banned products were not mentioned, 50% said yes they should have been allowed, with 23% saying no.

10% acknowledged wagering on the game (either through a bet, a pool or a fantasy league) and 84% said they had no wager on the game. 15% said they would have bet if wagering was legal.

A podcast in which Seth Everett interview Rick Gentile can be heard at https://t.co/bqIjtpjD64

 

ABOUT SETON HALL UNIVERSITY

One of the country’s leading Catholic universities, Seton Hall University has been a catalyst for leadership — developing students in mind, heart and spirit — since 1856. Home to nearly 10,000 undergraduate and graduate students and offering more than 90 academic programs, Seton Hall’s academic excellence has been singled out for distinction by The Princeton Review, U.S.News & World Report and Bloomberg Businessweek.

Seton Hall, which embraces students of all religions, prepares its graduates to be exemplary servant leaders and global citizens. Its attractive main campus is located in suburban South Orange, New Jersey, and is only 14 miles by train, bus or car from New York City, offering a wealth of employment, internship, cultural and entertainment opportunities. The university’s nationally recognized School of Law is prominently located in downtown Newark.

For more information, visit www.shu.edu.

About the poll:

This poll was conducted by telephone February 6-8 among 661 adults in the United States. The Seton Hall Sports Poll is conducted by the Sharkey Institute.

Phone numbers were dialed from samples of both standard landline and cell phones. The error due to sampling for results based on the entire sample could be plus or minus 3.4 percentage points. The error for subgroups may be higher. This poll release conforms to the Standards of Disclosure of the National Council on Public Polls.

The Seton Hall Sports Poll has been conducted regularly since 2006.

Media: Marty Appel Public Relations, AppelPR@gmail.com;
Michael Ricciardelli, Associate Director of Media Relations, Seton Hall University,
michael.ricciardelli@shu.edu

 

The results:

  1. Did you watch the Super Bowl game on Sunday?
  2. Yes 72%
  3. No 28

(IF NO SKIP TO QUESTION 6)

 

  1. Where did you watch the game? (Don’t read options)
  2. At home 75
  3. At a friend’s house 17
  4. In a bar or restaurant 5
  5. Somewhere else  3

 

  1. What was the primary device you used to watch the game, a TV, phone, tablet or computer?
  2. TV 98
  3. Phone 0
  4. Tablet 0
  5. Computer 1
  6. Other 1

 

  1. Which did you enjoy more, the game, the halftime or the commercials?
  2. Game 72
  3. Halftime 13
  4. Commercials 7
  5. Don’t Know 7

 

  1. Did you see any commercials during the broadcast that made you want to purchase the product advertised?
  2. Yes 12
  3. No 83
  4. Don’t know 5

 

  1. Did you place a bet on the outcome of the game, participate in a pool, engage in fantasy play or not wager any money on the game?
  2. Bet  5
  3. Pool 4
  4. Fantasy 1
  5. No Wager 84
  6. Don’t Know/No Ans. 7

 

  1. If sports gambling was legal in your state would you have placed a bet on the game?
  2. Yes 15
  3. No 79
  4. Don’t know 6

 

  1. Tom Brady is being called the greatest quarterback in NFL history after winning his 5th Super

Bowl. Do you agree, disagree or are you not sure?

  1. Agree 39
  2. Disagree 21
  3. Not Sure 35
  4. Don’t Know 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. GNC, a maker of dietary supplements, was forced by the NFL to withdraw its commercial from the Super Bowl because it makes some products that NFL players are banned from taking. No mention of the banned products occurred in the commercial. Do you think GNC should have been allowed to advertise in the game given that the banned products were not mentioned?
  2. Yes 50
  3. No 23
  4. Don’t know 27

 

  1. Which event did you think was more compelling, the Super Bowl, the college football championship or the 7th game of the World Series?
  2. Super Bowl 44
  3. College championships 11
  4. World Series 26
  5. Don’t Know 19

 

  1. How closely would you say you follow sports, very closely, closely, not closely or not at all?
  2. Very closely 19
  3. Closely 33
  4. Not closely 33
  5. Not at all 16

 

  1. Do you consider yourself a fan of NFL football?
  2. Yes 56
  3. No 40
  4. Don’t know 5