cancerBiology180x110

Inhibitory RNA miR-182 Can Turn-Off Glioblastoma

Researchers examined large-scale genomic datasets and found that patients with higher levels of miR-182 had a better chance of surviving glioblastoma (GBM) longer. This prompted them to perform pre-clinical studies to elucidate the mechanism by which miR-182 acts. Continue reading

cancerBiology180x110

Entinostat Doesn’t Just Restore Sensitivity to Aromatase Inhibitors

Entinostat is currently in a Phase III trial in combination with Aromasin (exemestane – aromatase inhibitor that blocks the synthesis of estrogen) in patients with metastatic breast cancer who have recurred following treatment with an aromatase inhibitor. Continue reading

cancerBiology180x110

Bullet Biotech – Viral-Like Particles Expressing B-cell Idiotypes for Cancer

This example of personalized medicine involves exploiting the highly selective proteins that are expressed by patients’ B-cells. Bullet Biotechnology isolates the specific idiotypic (Id) protein from patients with B-cell lymphomas (CLL – chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and NHL – non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma) and expresses it on the surface of a virus-like particle to provoke a highly specific anti-Id response against B-cell clones expressing the specific Id protein. Continue reading

3LINVBW

Tipifarnib Ras Inhibitor Pursued by Kura

A drug that was rejected by the FDA in 2005 for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia, and has also failed studies in pancreatic cancer will be further developed by a company called Kura, which in-licensed the drug from J&J. Continue reading

cancerBiology180x110

Kyprolis versus Velcade in Phase 3 Study in Previously-Treated Patients

In a Phase 3 study of 929 patients with previously treated multiple myeloma, two proteasome inhibitors, Velcade (bortexomib – Johnson & Johnson and Takeda) ) and Kyprolis (carfilzomib – Amgen), in combination with dexamethasone, were compared. Patients treated with Kyprolis had a median progression-free survival of 18.7 months, versus 9.4 months for those treated with Velcade.

Kyprolis versus velcade

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cancerBiology180x110

BXQ-350 – Pre-clinical Cancer Drug with Novel Mechanism of Action

Bexion Pharmaceuticals received Orphan Drug Designation for its novel drug, BXQ-350 for the treatment of patients with glioblastoma multiforme. The drug has shown activity in over 60 different cancer cell lines, and is toxic to cancer cells, only.The nanovesicals bypass the blood brain barrier. Continue reading

cancerBiology180x110

Innate Pharma – Two NK Cell Checkpoint Inhibitors in Development

Natural Killer cells and macrophages are essential in the innate immune response to bacterial pathogens. They also provide the essential link to the adaptive immune response by presenting antigens to dendritic cells and by directly stimulating CD8+ cytotoxic T-cells. 

Innate Immunity Continue reading