Sub-Saharan Africa Archive

  • Tara Ornstein, Contributing Blogger The leaders of the global health community have sought to quell the hysteria surrounding the outbreak of Ebola in West Africa. On 14 August 2014, the […]

    The Truth about Ebola: Global Health Leaders Try to Fight Panic with Information

    Tara Ornstein, Contributing Blogger The leaders of the global health community have sought to quell the hysteria surrounding the outbreak of Ebola in West Africa. On 14 August 2014, the […]

    Continue Reading...

  • Grand Strategy and Global Health: The Case of Ethiopia Elizabeth H. Bradley, Lauren Taylor, Michael Skonieczny, and Leslie A. Curry Despite successes in global health to combat specific diseases, progress […]

    Grand Strategy and Global Health: The Case of Ethiopia

    Grand Strategy and Global Health: The Case of Ethiopia Elizabeth H. Bradley, Lauren Taylor, Michael Skonieczny, and Leslie A. Curry Despite successes in global health to combat specific diseases, progress […]

    Continue Reading...

  • The concept of human security is increasingly accepted as being integral to contemporary notions of national security because of a growing awareness of the importance of individual and societal well-being to national, regional and global peace and stability. Health is thus considered an important component of the predominant vision of human security. However, the precise meaning and scope of global health security remains contested partly due to suspicions about clandestine motives underlying framing health as a security issue. Consequently, low and middle-income countries have not engaged global discourse on health security. This has resulted in an unbalanced global health security agenda shaped primarily by the interests of high-income countries. It narrowly focuses on a few infectious diseases, bioterrorism and marginalizes health security threats of greater relevance to low and middle-income countries. Focusing primarily on countries in the WHO-AFRO region (the African Group), this paper examines the implications of the participation deficit by the African Group of countries on their shared responsibility towards global health security. The potential benefits of regional health security cooperation are analyzed using selected critical health security threats in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). This paper concludes that the neglect of the African Group health security interests on the global health security agenda is partly due to their disengagement. Ensuring that multilateral health security cooperation includes the African Group’s interests require that they participate in shaping the global health security agenda, as proposed in a putative SADC health security cooperation framework.

    Why African Countries Need to Participate in Global Health Security Discourse

    The concept of human security is increasingly accepted as being integral to contemporary notions of national security because of a growing awareness of the importance of individual and societal well-being to national, regional and global peace and stability. Health is thus considered an important component of the predominant vision of human security. However, the precise meaning and scope of global health security remains contested partly due to suspicions about clandestine motives underlying framing health as a security issue. Consequently, low and middle-income countries have not engaged global discourse on health security. This has resulted in an unbalanced global health security agenda shaped primarily by the interests of high-income countries. It narrowly focuses on a few infectious diseases, bioterrorism and marginalizes health security threats of greater relevance to low and middle-income countries. Focusing primarily on countries in the WHO-AFRO region (the African Group), this paper examines the implications of the participation deficit by the African Group of countries on their shared responsibility towards global health security. The potential benefits of regional health security cooperation are analyzed using selected critical health security threats in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). This paper concludes that the neglect of the African Group health security interests on the global health security agenda is partly due to their disengagement. Ensuring that multilateral health security cooperation includes the African Group’s interests require that they participate in shaping the global health security agenda, as proposed in a putative SADC health security cooperation framework.

    Continue Reading...

  • Governance of Mining, HIV and Tuberculosis in Southern Africa David Stuckler, Sanjay Basu, and Martin McKee Mining in southern Africa has amplified HIV and tuberculosis (TB) epidemics across the continent […]

    Governance of Mining, HIV and Tuberculosis in Southern Africa

    Governance of Mining, HIV and Tuberculosis in Southern Africa David Stuckler, Sanjay Basu, and Martin McKee Mining in southern Africa has amplified HIV and tuberculosis (TB) epidemics across the continent […]

    Continue Reading...

  • The Pipers Call the Tunes in Global Aid for AIDS: The Global Financial Architecture for HIV Funding as Seen by Local Stakeholders in Kenya, Malawi and Zambia Jerker Edström and […]

    The Pipers Call the Tunes in Global Aid for AIDS

    The Pipers Call the Tunes in Global Aid for AIDS: The Global Financial Architecture for HIV Funding as Seen by Local Stakeholders in Kenya, Malawi and Zambia Jerker Edström and […]

    Continue Reading...

  • Is There an International Duty to Protect Persons in the Event of an Epidemic? Sara E. Davies In 2006, the International Law Commission began a study into the role of […]

    Is There an International Duty to Protect Persons in the Event of an Epidemic?

    Is There an International Duty to Protect Persons in the Event of an Epidemic? Sara E. Davies In 2006, the International Law Commission began a study into the role of […]

    Continue Reading...

  • Ideology’s Role in AIDS Policies in Uganda and South Africa
 Jeremy Youde While analysts have focused largely on the role of political will to explain a government’s willingness to implement […]

    Ideology’s Role in AIDS Policies in Uganda and South Africa

    Ideology’s Role in AIDS Policies in Uganda and South Africa
 Jeremy Youde While analysts have focused largely on the role of political will to explain a government’s willingness to implement […]

    Continue Reading...

  • Vicious Circle: HIV/AIDS, State Capacity, and National Security: Lessons from Zimbabwe, 1990-2005
 Andrew T. Price-Smith Recent macro level empirical analyses have revealed a complex relationship between health and governance. Yet, […]

    Vicious Circle—HIV/AIDS, State Capacity, and National Security: Lessons from Zimbabwe, 1990-2005

    Vicious Circle: HIV/AIDS, State Capacity, and National Security: Lessons from Zimbabwe, 1990-2005
 Andrew T. Price-Smith Recent macro level empirical analyses have revealed a complex relationship between health and governance. Yet, […]

    Continue Reading...