Current Issue

Volume XXI: Spring/Summer 2020

Full Issue PDF: Human Rights An Uprising Volume XXI, Number 2

Letter from the Editor

For centuries, protests have been used to mobilize citizenry in efforts to bring about sweeping change in different parts of the world. Protestors have protested to convey their discontent, to demand a moral response, and to speak truth to power. In 2010, antigovernment protests in Egypt inspired similar uprisings in other Arab countries, which became known as the Arab Spring. This year, the killings of Ahmaud Arbery, Breonna Taylor, and George Floyd have led people in the US and across the world to march against racism and police brutality. Despite a global pandemic, thousands have taken to the streets to demand justice for Black lives, demonstrating that the principle of equality, a common moral good, is worth risking both health and life.

“Human Rights: An Uprising,” the second issue of our twenty-first volume, sheds light not only on the right to protest itself, but the human rights that have inspired them. Mahmood Monshipouri explores the variations and similarities in contemporary protest while discussing the Black Lives Matter movement. Joudie Roure addresses gender-based violence and LGBTQI rights in Puerto Rico, especially the murder of trans women. Debra DeLaet explains the importance of soft law approaches in making progress toward the realization of gender-based human rights and LGBTQI rights. Randolph Persaud and Jackson Yoder apply the concept of homo sacer to examine differential rights within two key areas: migrants/refugees/asylum seekers in Europe and the effects of COVID-19 on African Americans in the US. Nicholas McMurry argues that the right to be heard is developing in human rights law as expounded in the practice of the UN treaty bodies. Kathleen Mahoney discusses Indigenous rights in Canada. Morten Andersen argues that an investigation of the relationship between corruption and human rights is best viewed as a framework of socially constructed norms, political power, and the complex interrelation of political, legal, economic, and social systems. Finally, David Johnson writes about the origins, causes, and contemporary implications of extrajudicial killings in the Philippines.

This issue sheds light on the strata of protests and human rights. It further affirms the growing political salience of human rights and the power of social movements to overcome the tyranny of exclusion, greed, and special interests which have always undermined them.

Sushant Naidu

Volume XXI: Fall/Winter 2019

Full Issue PDF: Diversity in International Relations, Volume XXI, Number 1

Letter from the Editor

Diversity and Inclusion are terms that are commonplace across various industries,
including the hiring practices of corporations and in representation at educational
institutions. We see diversity and representation play an important role in the democratic
nomination race for the 2020 U.S. presidential election, sometimes mentioned only to gain
political advantage. Diversity, in terms of whose story gets told and whose doesn’t, is a
theme that is woven throughout a variety of global issues, but often takes a backseat to the
bigger news stories that tend to dominate media outlets. Yet, diversity or lack thereof is
often implicated upon closer examination of global issues.

Climate change, development, violent conflict, terrorism, human rights violations,
reform of global governance, and problems of democratic representation throughout the
globe are closely tied to issues of diversity. Increasingly, questions of diversity and inclusion
present a pathway to solutions to many of these problems. For the 21st volume of the
Journal, we wished to showcase and champion diversity and representation in academia by
bringing the voices of diverse writers and less familiar topics to our readers.

This issue features three articles on indigenous rights. Sheelagh Daniels-Mayes and
Kristina Sehlin MacNeil write on the concept of diplomacy, focusing primarily on the lesser
recognized diplomacies of First Peoples in Australia and Sweden. Priscila Ribeiro Prado
Barros posits that the growing involvement of Indigenous Peoples in Brazil, in the defense of
their own affairs, have triggered the emergence of a new organizing logic, which considers
rights as more important than territorial authority. Finally, Erica Neeganagwedgin examines
the Canadian federal government’s 1969 Statement of the Government on Indian Policy and
the recent Indigenous Rights Framework that the Canadian government introduced in 2018.

The remaining three articles discuss diversity in employment at the UN, the issue
of ethnic diversity in the two Sudans, and how international law affects refugees in the
Caribbean. Harold Heredia discusses the importance of diversity at the UN as stated in
the organization’s charter in Article 101. Luka Kuol examines the case of the two Sudans
to argue that ethnic diversity can become a curse when there is a governance deficit that is
manifested in social contracts and systems of government that abhor and detest diversity.
Westmin James’ article asserts that both international treaty law and customary international
law may appropriately aid constitutional interpretation and can protect asylum seekers or
refugees from being repatriated to their home country.

Our strong desire to provide a platform for less familiar topics was the driving force
behind the creation of this issue. We hope you enjoy this issue and the diverse topics that
it touches on.

Sushant Naidu


Volume XX: Spring/Summer 2019

Full Issue PDF: Diplomacy The Future is Female, Volume XX, Number 2

Letter from the Editor

Women have traditionally been the diplomats of their families and communities, from resolving disputes between siblings to weathering food scarcity crises and other emergencies. In the past century, women’s traditional diplomatic role has finally begun to push well beyond the barriers of the home and into the international arena. Particularly since 2016, the gender equality movement has raised awareness of girls’ and women’s rights and restrictions, inspired women to charge past traditional barriers, and forged meaningful, lasting political and social change

As a result, communities, governments, and international organizations such as the United Nations and the G7 have begun to embrace the positive change the gender equality movement brings with it. Studies from NGOs, the UN, and academia have proven that a healthier, economically and politically stable world begins and ends with women’s equal participation.

In the second issue of our 20th volume, the critical diplomatic roles from grassroots advocacy to international negotiations are explored. Nahla Valji and Pablo Castillo open this issue, arguing for the importance, and ultimate necessity, of gender parity for the success of the United Nations’ peace and security efforts. This article discusses the great need for gender parity both within the UN system as well as within its advocacy on the ground. Following, Tanya Ansahta Garnett and Kari Øygard offer a case study on women’s roles in peacebuilding and civic engagement in post-conflict Liberia. They discuss whether or not women’s participation and representation is an effective strategy towards meaningful long-term change. Lina Abirafeh then examines the widespread issue of gender-based violence in the Arab region by outlining several case studies. Abirafeh then considers how it continues to withhold women’s political and legal progress in the region. Changing gears, Catherine Tinker and Renata Koch Alvarenga then survey the successes and continued drawbacks to gender equality in climate finance, offering a call to action for quicker implementation of a gender-responsive approach to mitigating the effects of climate change. Rachel Clement and Lyric Thompson conclude this issue by discussing the theory behind a feminist foreign policy and what it will take to move beyond the definition to a comprehensively feminist approach to foreign policy that is engrained in all sectors of diplomacy while also elevating traditionally unheard voices.

The Journal sincerely hopes you enjoy this issue and its amplification of the need for gender equality from grassroots advocacy to the United Nations.

Meagan Torello


Volume XX: Fall/Winter 2018

Full Text PDF: Climate Issue, XX, no. 1

Letter from the Editor

Climate change has proven to be the defining issue of the twenty-first century as temperatures continually rise, weather events become increasingly unpredictable, and sea levels threaten coastal communities. It has become the multi-headed beast the international community must learn to slay as problems perpetually emerge from the effects of advancing environmental degradation. As a result, the economic, infrastructural, and societal costs of climate change have begun to put international organizations, states, and civil society at odds.

Conflict both within and between states has shaped the dialogue surrounding climate change and how to mitigate its effects. Civil society organizations have begun to call into question just how effective the international community can be in preventing climate disaster in the near future.

In the first issue of our 20th volume, the cooperative and conflictual nature of climate change in international relations is explored. Rafael Leal-Arcas analyzes the necessity of a symbiotic relationship between bottom-up and top-down negotiations to implement clean energy consumption. Following, Caitlin Werrell and Francesco Femia begin this issue’s dialogue on climate change and security. Carmel Davis discusses the effects of climate change on Sub-Saharan Africa’s ability to develop and subsequently mitigate conflict. Similarly, Ziad Al Achkar outlines the economic, environmental, and security threats in the Arctic as its ice continues to melt. Zhao Ang then discusses China’s ability and incentives to pursuing a greener economy. Following, Buddikha Jayamaha, Jahara Matisek, William Reno, and Molly Jahn discuss the security and development of climate change implications in the Sahel region.

The main portion of this issue proudly concludes with the Journal’s interview with former Swiss Ambassador Therese Adam on climate change negotiations and the great potential for civil society engagement.

Following the climate change portion of this issue, we feature a special sup-topic: Africa Rising. Here, Peter Schraeder discusses the effects of President Donald Trump’s foreign policy in Africa. Juan Macías-Amoretti analyzes the role of Islam in Moroccan politics, while Karim Bejjit concludes with a discussion on Morocco’s growing relationship with the AU.

The Journal sincerely hopes that you enjoy this issue and the light it sheds on the growing issues surrounding climate change in the international community.

Meagan Torello